Books

Books for Omar Ghattas
CoverTitleAuthorAbstract
Large-Scale PDE-Constrained Optimization Large-Scale PDE-Constrained Optimization Ghattas, Omar Optimal design, optimal control, and parameter estimation of systems governed by partial differential equations (PDEs)

Optimal design, optimal control, and parameter estimation of systems governed by partial differential equations (PDEs) give rise to a class of problems known as PDE-constrained optimization. The size and complexity of the discretized PDEs often pose significant challenges for contemporary optimization methods. With the maturing of technology for PDE simulation, interest has now increased in PDE-based optimization. The chapters in this volume collectively assess the state of the art in PDE-constrained optimization, identify challenges to optimization presented by modern highly parallel PDE simulation codes, and discuss promising algorithmic and software approaches for addressing them. These contributions represent current research of two strong scientific computing communities, in optimization and PDE simulation. This volume merges perspectives in these two different areas and identifies interesting open questions for further research.

Real-Time PDE-Constrained Optimization Real-Time PDE-Constrained Optimization (Computational Science and Engineering) Ghattas, Omar *"A timely contribution to a field of growing importance. This carefully edited book presents a

"A timely contribution to a field of growing importance. This carefully edited book presents a rich collection of chapters ranging from mathematical methodology to emerging applications. I recommend it to students as a rigorous and comprehensive presentation of simulation-based optimization and to researchers as an overview of recent advances and challenges in the field."
--Jorge Nocedal, Professor, Northwestern University.

Many engineering and scientific problems in design, control, and parameter estimation can be formulated as optimization problems that are governed by partial differential equations (PDEs). The complexities of the PDEs and the requirement for rapid solution pose significant difficulties. A particularly challenging class of PDE-constrained optimization problems is characterized by the need for real-time solution, i.e., in time scales that are sufficiently rapid to support simulation-based decision making.

Real-Time PDE-Constrained Optimization, the first book devoted to real-time optimization for systems governed by PDEs, focuses on new formulations, methods, and algorithms needed to facilitate real-time, PDE-constrained optimization. In addition to presenting state-of-the-art algorithms and formulations, the text illustrates these algorithms with a diverse set of applications that includes problems in the areas of aerodynamics, biology, fluid dynamics, medicine, chemical processes, homeland security, and structural dynamics.

Despite difficulties, there is a pressing need to capitalize on continuing advances in computing power to develop optimization methods that will replace simple rule-based decision making with optimized decisions based on complex PDE simulations.

Audience

The book is aimed at readers who have expertise in simulation and are interested in incorporating optimization into their simulations, who have expertise in numerical optimization and are interested in adapting optimization methods.

Large-Scale Inverse Problems Large-Scale Inverse Problems and Quantification of Uncertainty (Wiley Series in Computational Statistics) Ghattas, Omar This book focuses on computational methods for large-scale statistical inverse problems and provides an introduction

This book focuses on computational methods for large-scale statistical inverse problems and provides an introduction to statistical Bayesian and frequentist methodologies. Recent research advances for approximation methods are discussed, along with Kalman filtering methods and optimization-based approaches to solving inverse problems. The aim is to cross-fertilize the perspectives of researchers in the areas of data assimilation, statistics, large-scale optimization, applied and computational mathematics, high performance computing, and cutting-edge applications.

The solution to large-scale inverse problems critically depends on methods to reduce computational cost. Recent research approaches tackle this challenge in a variety of different ways. Many of the computational frameworks highlighted in this book build upon state-of-the-art methods for simulation of the forward problem, such as, fast Partial Differential Equation (PDE) solvers, reduced-order models and emulators of the forward problem, stochastic spectral approximations, and ensemble-based approximations, as well as exploiting the machinery for large-scale deterministic optimization through adjoint and other sensitivity analysis methods.

Key Features:

  • Brings together the perspectives of researchers in areas of inverse problems and data assimilation.

  • Assesses the current state-of-the-art and identify needs and opportunities for future research.

  • Focuses on the computational methods used to analyze and simulate inverse problems.

  • Written by leading experts of inverse problems and uncertainty quantification.

Graduate students and researchers working in statistics, mathematics and engineering will benefit from this book.